Videotrack System


The SMART program superimpose the image picked up by a CCD Color Infrared camera with the detecting zone designed by the Researcher and enables Animal Behavior Recording in a wide range of Investigation Experiments such as: Open Field, Maze, T Maze, Swimming pool, etc.

Each animal cage can be split in up to 32 different areas of analyses and the software can calculate rest, small and large movements and corresponding time in absolute values and percentage. The Researcher can plan its own experiment and analyses results in a wide range of options easily setting by a friendly driven menu software.


SMART is a powerful but user-friendly video based system, that allows, using digital imaging, a precise analysis of motor behaviour in experimental animals. 

SMART offers not only spatial position information but also automatic detection in a range of specific behaviors. Able to work either with a single animal in a single arena, with several animals in separate arenas or with several animals in the same arena (suitable for social behaviour studies).  It is simple to use and configure the system, to define zones, arenas and associations, to set-up and perform data acquisition, and the versatility, variety and accuracy of the output calculations.  TRACKING allows detecting and following the trajectory of :   a single subject (SMART-BS), up to 16 subjects in separate arenas (SMART-MA),  up to 8 subjects in the same arena (SMART-SS), up to 8 subjects per arena in up to 16 separate arenas (SMART-SS-MA).  Smart's Zone Editor makes it easy to draw Arenas and Zones , as well as to define Zone Associations and Zone Settings.

Acquisition timings can easily be defined as 'free running', 'pre-set time' or 'programmed time'.  When working with multiple arenas (MA), the tracking can be started/stopped in each one independently, or all at the same time.


SMART BS – Basic system single animal

SMART MA – Extension up to 16 animals

GRBOARD – Digital superimpose Grabber-board

SMART SS – Social Behavior software




Smart JUNIOR  Smart Junior platform (needs Experiment modules)

SJWM  Water maze Experimental Module

SJPM  Plus-maze Experimental Module

SJOF  Open-field Experimental Module

SJTLS  Telemetric Switch




SMART Junior

Low Cost Video-tracking System


Low-cost video-tracking system specially indicated for laboratories with very precise interests and succinct meaningful reports. It is also a perfect alternative for emergent markets.

With the most competitive price of the market, the SMART JUNIOR software fulfils all the basic functions of a classical video-tracking system. Ready-to-use configurations, Run panel and Data reports are directly targeted to specific standard experiments making easy its use for inexperienced users.

SMART JUNIOR represents the finest solution for completing molecular and cellular studies by standard behavioral analysis. Water-maze, plus-maze and open-field experiments are already available now!



Activity Cage LE 881


Especially designed for Open Field Experiments, it  detects animal movements from 2 levels of 4 side Infrared Sensors placed all around the square cage (45 x 45 cm.).

It enables to detect both horizontal and vertical activity.

Up to 32 areas can be drawn for any animal arena.

Tracking file can be analyzed with different ZONE configuration.  Hole Board option can be added.

Sophisticated software which enables to record:

Number of fast and slow movements counts
- Total activity counts

- Time moving fast and slow

- Resting time
- Number of rearing
- Time spent rearing

Code LE 8811 One complete unit



Code LE 8814 Transparent Arena 45 x 45 cm.

Code Actitrack :  Software for PC up to 16 cages



Actitrack software


Up to 32 frames LE 8811 (16 complete cages) can be controlled by ACTITRACK software.

Different alternatives of programming Data Acquisition and Analyses.

Experiment configuration can be personalized.

Example of Data results:

- Total traveled distance

- Max. and min. speed

- Time moving fast, slow and resting

- Number and mean length of movement episodes

- Number and mean duration of rearing.

- Number of Clockwise and counter-Clockwise turns


PHECOMP for compulsive food and drink intake and activity

The PHECOMP system is an equipment for measuring food/liquid consumption and correlated motor activity in studies designed to assess compulsive behaviors in rodents.  The PHECOMP system uses the weight transducer technology for measuring food and drink consumption, thus allowing a continuous signal and then a precise analysis of the animal meal pattern by the software. Animal activity and rearing are recorded simultaneously by the means of 2 dimensional IR frames. The signals from each weight transducer unit and the IR frame are amplified, digitalized and send to the PHECOMP software for analysis. The modular design of the PHECOMP system allows a wide range of experimental procedures.



Rota-Rod provides an easy way to test the motor function in rodents. Drugs administration, central nervous system damage or disease effects on motor coordination or fatigue can be assessed by measuring the time during which the animal remains walking in a rotation drum. A removable upper separator is included in the LE 8300 and LE 8500, avoiding interference between animals running in adjacent lanes.  Entirely controlled by a microprocessor: more precise timing control and more accurate speed regulation. Speed and acceleration electronically controlled.  A built-in RS 232 port allows the transfer of data to a PC.  Includes communication program SEDACOM

Individual time counters (min:secs).

Each counter runs from the beginning of the test until the animal falls from the drum to the lane. Electronic change of speed from 4 - 40 rpm (RUN Mode). Rotation at constant speed or at a fixed acceleration rate from 4 to 40 rpm in a selected time: 30 secs, 1, 2, 5 or 10 min (ACC Mode). Data are stored in memory as a table lanes / trials
The data can be transferred to a PC, using Serial Data Communication Software (SEDACOM), supplied with the instrument. All data are in ASCII format to be exported to other programs.

Rota Rod for Mice and Rats



LE 8200  Rota Rod for 5 mice with Software

LE 8300 Rota Rod for 4 rats with Software

LE 8500 Rota Rod for 4 rats or 4 mice  with Software

   (only changing the central drum)



Treadmill for Mice and Rats


The Treadmills are rolling belts with an adjustable speed and slope, enabling easy and accurate testing of fatigue in rodents. The rolling belt provides the animal with enough room to correct co-ordination errors before failure, thus giving a better measure of fatigue instead of impairment of motor co-ordination.

A grid at the end of the belt administers a shock that forces the animal to run in order to avoid it. The values that can be quantified in a trial are belt speed and slope, distance traveled in meters, shock time, and shock intensity. Belt velocity also can be controlled by software. The apparatus can optionally be provided with an air isolated enclosure for metabolism studies.


LE 8700 One lane Treadmill

LE 8706 Double lane Treadmill

LE 8710 Five lane Treadmill

LE 870CO Metabolism option

TC 876 Control Software up to 4 Treadmills



Circular Pool


Provides the ideal environment to carry out the Swimming Test described by Morris (Morris .G.M., Learning and Motivation, 12:239, 1981).

Different sizes available complete of control unit.

The island can be located anywhere in the pool. with the pool are supplied two platforms, 80 and 110 mm diameter. The pool are manufactured of Polypropylene. It’s located in a support with 4 wheels for better displacement.

In the Control Box are located: - The Heater - The Water Circulation Pump The Level Controller - Electro valve for Pool filling.

Code LE 820-90    Pool diameter 90 cm.    Eight 50 cm.

Code LE 820-120  Pool diameter 120 cm.  Eight 60 cm.

Code LE 820-140  Pool diameter 140 cm.  Eight 60 cm.


Code LE 820-170  Pool diameter 170 cm.  Eight 60 cm.

Code LE 820-200  Pool diameter 200 cm.  Eight 60 cm.





The assessment of animal memory using different types of mazes has been Longley used in neurosciences. Several models have been proposed recently, mainly trying to evaluate accuracy of choice between the alternatives presented in the same day of the session, instead of looking for the accumulated learning through successive days of training. The "Eight Arms Radial Maze", proposed by D.S. Olton & R.J. Samuelson (J.Exper. Psychol: Anim. Behav. Procs. 2:97, 1976) is one of the most extensively used in behavioral laboratories all over the world, mainly due to the flexibility of its structure, allowing the testing of spatial memory but also non-spatial cue memory linked with motivational elements. The software allows for the full control of the arm's doors either manually (by means of a buttons panel at the computer screen) or automatically, when a trained subject is being tested. The position of the experimental subject is permanently verified and presented in the computer screen.

Plus Elevated T Maze models available.

Code LE 760  Radial 8 arm maze for Rats

Code LE 762  Radial 8 arm maze for Mice

Code LE 766  Radial 8 arm maze for Rats + software

Code LE 768  Radial 8 arm maze for Mice + software

Code Le 840   Plus Elevated T maze for Rats

Code Le 842   Plus Elevated T maze for Mice

Code Le 846   Plus Elevated T maze for Rats + software

Code Le 848   Plus Elevated T maze for Mice + software


New Behavior Modular System by Panlab


The same Cage Base with position sensors and grid floor shocker  can be used for almost any kind of experiment required; by just replacing the walls, for instance, a Shuttle box can be transformed into a Passive Avoidance or a Tremor cage and more and more ………………..


Shuttle Box

The Shuttle Boxes LE 916 (for Rats) and LE 918 (for Mice) provide the ideal environment for carrying out the Conditioned Reflex Studies.  Two compartment cage with Sound and Light Stimulus and two independent shocker grid.

Shocker Included, software available.

Code LE 916  Rat Cage                Code LE 918  Mouse cage

Code LE 2706  Programming Unit and Shocker

Code LE 60-400   4 cage system Interface + software Shuttle 8

Code LE 60-800   8 cage system Interface + software Shuttle 8




Passive Avoidance

This unit allows for the study of a passive avoidance reflex, using aversive stimulation to inhibit the innate tendency of rodents to avoid large open and bright spaces and hide small ones. Two different sized and coloured compartments separated by a sliding guillotine door form the experimental box. A separate control unit (not shown) gives full control over the experimental parameters and record the behaviour of the experimental subject along the trial.

Code LE 870  Rat Cage

Code LE 872 Mouse and Gerbil Cage

Code LE 1516  Control unit with software


Vogel’s Test

Vogel's anxiety test experimental set up

Many different animal models have been developed for testing the effects of anti-anxiety drugs on behavior. The most frequently used behavioral action is the anxiolytic ability to increase response rates suppressed by delivery of response–dependant punishment.  One of the most popular versions of this technical approach is that developed by R.A. Vogel in 1971 (Psychopharm. (Berl.), 21:1-7). In this model, licking of drinking tube suppression in water–deprived rats, is reestablished by anxiolytic pretreatment. As the model can be used with naive rats in one test session, it has become a standard for fast screening of anxiolytic activity of drugs.  We havve developed a fully automated set up fulfilling all the control needs of the Vogel's Test, and allowing test performance in a single and easy to use experimental unit.    The set–up is formed by the animal cage, and a modular control unit that include a shock generator.

Code LE862  Box for Vogel test

Code LINKBOX01  Interface for up to 8 Vogel test boxes. RS 232 Output

Code LE10025  Vogel test Shock Generator (without Scrambler)


Black  White Test

Numerous behavioural paradigms using several conflict procedures, social interaction or exploration of novel environments have been proposed as animal models of anxiety. B. Costall et al have described (Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 32(3): 777-785, 1989) a new model based on the aversive properties of the open field and in which anxiolytic drug-induced ease of exploratory activity is compared between an illuminated compartment and a dark one. This model permits simple and quick evaluation of the anxious behaviour and its modification by pharmacological agents. Panlab s.l. has developed a complete system for the carrying out of this experiment, including both boxes for the experimental subjects and the appropriate control instrumentation.

Code LE 812  Cage for Rats  Code LE 810 Cage for Mice

Code LE 816  Automati Cage Rat  Code LE818 Automatic Ca. Mouse

Code LE 3816 Control Unit for automatic models with photocells



Place Preference Test

The experimental box is composed of three Perspex compartments, two 300 x 300 mm compartments, one white and the other black, joined through 80 x 150 mm gates (with manually operated sliding doors) to an intermediate 100 x 80 mm central grey compartment. All the walls, matt finished, are 340 mm high. Soft and rough floors are supplied for the black & white compartments. Frontal panels are transparent but opaque extractable covers are already included.

Code LE 890 Basic Place Preference Test

Code LE 892 Automatic Place Preference Test + software





Thermal Place Preference

2 Temperatures Choice Test


As advised by A. MOQRICH, and published in Moqrich et al (Science 2005, 307: 1468-72), this test allows researcher to work on unrestrained animals let free to choose their preferred position between 2 compartments set at different temperatures. This behavioural assay will allow monitoring temperature preferences, nociceptive thresholds and state in the role of a given gene or a compound on these thresholds. This test is investigator-independent, unlike the cold and/or hot plate test: using the traditional plates, an operator can measure the reaction time of an animal exposed to a certain temperature. The "two Temperatures Choice Test" will return a response without any action from the operator, and the obtained value is a temperature or a temperature range. 2 animals can be observed simultaneously and independently, making the system remarkably attracting.

The position of each animal can be obtained very easily with the automatic detection software. Results can be transferred directly as an Excel file or as a txt format. Measured parameters: for each animal, you can retrieve your data as the time spent in each temperature zone, the time of each zone trespassing and the temperature of each zone. As advised by A. MOQRICH, and published in Moqrich et al (Science 2005, 307: 1468-72), this test allows researcher to work on unrestrained animals let free to choose their preferred position between 2 compartments set at different temperatures. This behavioural assay will allow monitoring temperature preferences, nociceptive thresholds and state in the role of a given gene or a compound on these thresholds. This test is investigator-independent, unlike the cold and/or hot plate test: using the traditional plates, an operator can measure the reaction time of an animal exposed to a certain temperature. The "two Temperatures Choice Test" will return a response without any action from the operator, and the obtained value is a temperature or a temperature range. 2 animals can be observed simultaneously and independently, making the system remarkably attracting. The position of each animal can be obtained very easily with the automatic detection software. Results can be transferred directly as an Excel file or as a txt format. Measured parameters: for each animal, you can retrieve your data as the time spent in each temperature zone, the time of each zone trespassing and the temperature of each zone.


The System can also be used as HOT/COLD PLATE  Test





The Panlab spatial place preference box is an experimental chamber developed with the aim to optimise place preference and aversion studies in small laboratory animals, especially mice. The design of the box is fruit of a close collaboration with eminent Professor Dr. Rafael Maldonado and Dr. Olga Valverde from the Laboratory of Neuropharmacology in Barcelona (Spain). The apparatus consists in a box with two equally sized compartments interconnected by a rectangular corridor. Originally, the compartments are differentiated by the motifs painted on the walls (dots or stripes) and the colour (different shade of grey tones, light or dark) and texture (smooth or rough) of the floor. The innovation brought by the Panlab box is the possibility to combine a new additional spatial dimension to allow the animal differentiate the different compartments in a more discriminative manner. Transparent walls are also used to minimize the time the animal spent in the corridor. The introduction of these new discriminative elements allows: - optimising the results obtained in the place preference and aversion paradigms (low variability in the response, reduced number of animals per group...) 

- organizing the discriminative elements in a wide variety of configurations for studies evaluating spatial or contextual memory. - using the elements as discriminative cues associated with drug exposure in diverse other experimental designs. The Panlab spatial place preference box can be associated with the SMART video-tracking system for detection and analysis of animal position throughout the test.



Rotation Behavior system

Unit for recording rotation behavior in rats. It consists of a bi-directional rotation sensor that provides a double (right and left turns) output with adjustable regulation of pulses/turns, an animal movement transmission harness fastened with Velcro, the stand and the cubicle. An external counter (such as the LE 3806 Data Logger) for data storage is necessary.

Code LE902  Rotation Behaviour System.

Code LE902CC  Double counter (left & right turns)

Code LE3806  MULTICOUNTER. Programmable counter 30 inputs

Code LE902SR  Left & Right Rotation Sensor, adjustable resolut. Code LE902AS Ring-type harness for rats

Code LE902ASE  Ring-type harness for mice

Code LE902RP  Cylindrical container

Code LE902BT  Oval  container


Activity Running Wheel

Running Wheel cages provides a simple, cheap and reliable way to record animal activity. A digital Liquid Crystal Display provides number of turns or ¼ of turns.

The output of the rotation sensor can be connected to a DATA LOGGER (model 2b LEDT) for PC interfacing.

Up to 48 cages can be interfaced simultaneously.


Code RWMC1  Activity Running Wheel with LCD counter for MICE (records number of turns)

Code RWMC4  Activity Running Wheel with LCD counter for MICE (records number of ¼ of turns)

Code RWRC1  Activity Running Wheel with LCD counter for RATS  (records number of turns)

Code RWRC4  Activity Running Wheel with LCD counter for RATS  (records number of ¼ of turns)





for operant conditioning


Anxiety - Attention - Learning &

Memory - Reward & Addiction



Our Modular Operant Chamber is an entirely modular experimental enclosure designed to conduct operant conditioning procedures (e.g. food reinforcement, DMTS, conflict tests, self-administration…). The operant chamber is made in an entirely modular structure which allows complete disassembling or rearrangement to build a new space of different dimensions/components or to enable storage in the minimum space. It can be easily transformed from rat chamber to mice chamber (or vice versa) with a reduced cost. A frontal door offers a total accessibility inside the chamber. Walls and cover can be of different material or colour, since they are totally removable. Each chamber is associated with a Link Box which provides power to up to 8 (expandable to 16) Operant Modules (levers, lights, sound, dispensers, electrical shock...) conferring to the chambers a full autonomy. Special accessories are provided for self-administration procedures. Only one cable connects the Link Box to the LE85XCT Programmer or PC (PackWin Software), this last for advanced protocol configuration and running. The Cages can be equipped with a Weigh Transducer in order to record activity or freezing.


-          Entirely modular system

-          Easily transformed from rat to mice chamber

-          Reduced number of cables

-          Possibility of customization

-          Up to 8 stations can be connected at once to PC through a single cable




Self Cage: Cage for Self - Stimulation in lab animals


The SELF CAGE is a complete and compact unit designed for performing basic Operant Behaviour Experiments. In fact, it is a Skinner Box, but instead of including the classical pellet or liquid dispenser, now the reinforcer is an electrical stimulus or the administration of a drug.  Depending on the nature of the reinforcement we can have two different types of boxes: 1 - The ones where the press of the lever provokes an electrical stimulus. 2 - The ones where the press of the lever provokes the administration of a determinated dose of a drug.


LE 855  Rat cage (shock)                  LE 856  Rat cage (Drug)

LE 857  Mouse cage (shock)             LE 858  Mouse cage (Drug)



Skinner Box 


Modular Skinner Box

A modular cage that allows the placement by simply sliding of up 12 plates holding the diverse actuators, enabling the Box to be configured according to the required experimental design.      All of these elements are electrically connected by means of male-female standard banana-type connectors (totally reliable) to their Power Box, so that and with just one cable, they can be connected to the Programming Systems.


LE 830  Operating Skinner Box (Cage only)


LE 830C Basic Cage w/Pellet dispenser, lever & stimuli light 


Sknner Pack Computerised System for operant behaviour experiments (up 8 cages)




Didactic Skinner Box Unit


A compact experimental cage fitted with a reinforcement (drops or pellets dispenser), lever, light stimuli and a power supply for autonomous operation.  This Programmer allows the Skinner boxes to be programmed to carry out the basic schedules of the operant conditioning. It is connected to the cages by only two cables: one for control signals, the other for a shock.


LE 850 W    Cage set with Liquid dispenser

LE 852 W    Cage set with Pellet dispenser

LE 85 XCT  Programmer with Shocker 



5-9 HOLE Chambers

The nine-hole box is commonly used to evaluate attention performance using a visual discrimination task in laboratory animals. The holes not used in the experiment may be blocked up using a metal insert. The nine-hole box is associated with the potent and versatile PackWin software in order to control the experiment and obtain relevant data such as correct responses, incorrect responses, omissions, premature responses, perseverant responses, time out responses, total receptacle head entries, etc. Different experimental paradigms can be conducted using the nine-hole box. As an example, in the 5-choice serial reaction time task, short-lasting stimuli are given in pseudo-randomised order in one of the holes of the cage (commonly, hole 1, 3, 5, 7 or 9). If the animal nose-pokes into the correct hole, a reinforcement (pellet) is given. If the animal nose-pokes into an incorrect hole, a time-out period (no light) is given and next trial begins.     Code LE 507  Mice 5-9 Holes Chamber with RS 232 Output

Code LE509  Rats 5-9 Holes Chamber with RS 232 Ouput

Code PACKWIN Software for operant behavior experiments (up 8 cages)




Code LE118  Stimuli Interface Unit (1 chamber)

Code LE1188  Stimuli Interface Unit (up to 8 chambers)

Code STARTLE  Software to control up to 8 stations for startle reflex studies

Code FREEZING  Software to control up to 8 stations for fear conditioning studies

Code LE100-26  Shock generator with scrambler. 0-2 mA output

Code LE119  Air puff Unit (STARTLE)

Code LE115  Contextual kit for Fear Conditioning test (FREEZING)

Code FREEZINGGLP Freezing Software module in accordance with GLP 


Startle Reflex & Fear Conditioning

1 equipment: 2 possibilities

The StartFear Combined system is a polyvalent system for conducting both fear conditioning and startle reflex experiments in one same enclosure, regardless the animal is a rat or a mouse (from 15grs to 500 grs.). Basically, the StartFear system allows recording and analysis of the signal generated by the animal movement through a high sensitivity Weight Transducer system. The analogical signal is transmitted to the FREEZING and STARTLE software modules through the load cell unit for recording purposes and posterior analysis in terms of activity/immobility (FREEZING) or startle response characterization (STARTLE). An aditional interface associated with corresponding hardware allows controlling the stimuli (light, sounds, shock, air puff) from the STARTLE and FREEZING software modules. The StartFear cage is made with black methacrylate walls and a transparent front door. In fear conditioning experiment, the walls, cover and floor can be of different materials or colours. Moreover, a transparent cylinder can be placed into the experimental chamber in order to modify the contextual spatial perception of the subject during the test phase.



Code LE116  FREEZING AND STARTLE Threshold Sensor including Sound Attenuating Box.

Code LE117M  Mouse Holder for Startle Reflex (animal weight required)

Code LE117R  Rat Holder for Startle Reflex (animal weight required)

Code LE111  Load Cell Amplifier (one for each Chamber)






The Aron test or four plates test is an animal model of anxiety in which the exploration of the novel surroundings is suppressed by the delivery of a mild electric foot shock.  Basically, the apparatus consists of a cage floored by four identical rectangular metal plates (8×11 cm) separated from one another by a gap of 4 mm. The plates are connected to a shocker unit that can generate electric  footshocks.  Following habituation period, the animal is subjected to an electric shock when crossing (transition) from one plate to another, i.e. two legs on one plate and two legs on another. Boissier et al. 1968 has described this test first. The number of punished crossings is generally calculated for a period of 60 s. A substance with anxiolytic properties induces an increase in the number of punished passages.

Code LE830 Aron Test Box

Code  LE10026 Shocker with scrambler






This test allows fast evaluation of drugs (anti-depressants, sedatives)  psycho-tropic effects. The measuring principle is based on the energy developed by mice trying to escape from their suspension. During the test, the movements of the mice are analysed in terms of force, energy and power developed over time.  The System presents a completely automated test, including the suspension cages (3 mice per cage) and the software to run, record and analyze the experiments.  The software presents the results as tables and Histograms but also it allows to transfer the results into Excel for statistical analysis.


Code TST  (specify mouse or rat)


Available in different configuration








Adjustable, suitable for any size


Useful for Pyrogen Test, temperature control,

ear investigation and whatever else


Code 2BRR



Isolation Cubicle


Acoustic and Light Isolation box very useful for Experiments where environmental conditions can disturb usual animal Behavior . 


Code LE 26  Sound/Light Proof box




Metabolic Cage

These meticulously engineered cages feature a unique funnel and cone design that effectively separates faeces and urine into tubes outside the cage. There's no urine washover and no potential for urine to enter the faeces tube, so separation is immediate and complete. The results are untainted and samples reliable.
The cage has only 14 parts. The components are designed for simplicity of operation and total part interchangeability, major consideration in multi-unit testing programs. All parts below the cage floor are removable without disturbing the test animal, allowing tests to be conducted over a prolonged period of time without interruptions caused by animal re-acclimatization. The cage performs well with either mice (in group) or rats; only the feeders and floor grids must be changed.


Code 3700M022  Metabolic cage for mouse or groups of mice

Code 3700M061  Metabolic cage - rats under 150 g

Code 3700M071  Metabolic cage - rats from 150 g to 300 g

Code 3701M081  Metabolic cage - rats over 300 g






for respiratory metabolism, intake and activity in rodents








The Oxylet is a modular system allowing the integration of respiratory metabolism (O2 consumption /CO2 production), food & drink intake, activity and rearing measurements in specifically adapted home cages in rodents. Respiratory metabolism is evaluated by means of indirect calorimetry an optimized system for studies on laboratory rodents (mice and rats).  Food and drink intake and activity are evaluated using the weight transducer technology especially developed. This technology allows the continuous assessment of the animal food and drink consumption as well as spontaneous activity with highest accuracy and stability. Rearing assessment requires simply an additional InfraRed (IR) frame connected to the system. The modular design provides easily expandability for any of the options of the system. The researcher can select only those components of initial interest… but with the flexibility of adding others at a later date. Special Oxylet configurations are available for performing calorimetry studies with rat neonates or during treadmill experiments. Rat neonatal chamber available  (see picture at right).


Modular system, different configurations available


Parameters Measured

-          Oxygen (O2) consumption (METAOXY module)

-          Carbon dioxide (CO2) production (METAOXY module)

-          Respiratory quotient: O2/CO2 (METAOXY module)

-          Energy expenditure (METAOXY module)

-          Treadmill data: speed, covered distance, number of shock received, total duration of shock received (METAOXY module)

-          Food & Drink consumption (METAINT module)

-          Mean spontaneous activity (METAACT module)

-          Number of rearing (METAACT module)

-          Analysis by intervals of time  

-          Time-curve graphical representations   


METABOLISM  -  polyvalent sofware for physiology in rodents


METABOLISM consists in different modules, activated upon customer request:

- METAOXY -> for O2/CO2 metabolism studies (Including Treadmill based studies).
- METAINT -> for Intake studies
- METAACT -> for activity studies (Including Rearing)
The program gets data in digital form from different devices. METABOLISM can also import and convert analogical data from the *.txt files generated by other Data Acquisition Systems. Gathered data can be processed and re-processed using different time intervals of calculation. The program displays a Data Table which can be saved in Excel format for further analyses.



Micro Oxymas

O2/CO2/CH4  Respirometer

Cell Culture Respirometer

By Columbus


This new product is substantially different from commonly used method of measuring cell and tissue respiration by an immersed dissolved oxygen probe. While such method may provide information about oxygen levels within the cell culture, it cannot provide quantitative measurement of oxygen consumption and CO2 production. New Columbus Respirometers and Micro-Oximas systems are the unique Instruments which can go into very high sensitivity and provide a wide range of parameters. Columbus cell culture Respirometer allows continuous measurement of cell culture or tissue growth in different atmospheres and temperatures. Also measurement is not limited to only O2, and CO2, but may also include other gases. This new development should be of great interest to the growing number of Scientists who work with cell and tissue cultures, including cancer Research and Toxicology


More information:

Or directly:




Respiratory Metabolism by Panlab


Oxylet 4 system for the measurement of o2 consumption and co2

production in lab animals

The Oxylet 4 (Le 400-4) is an indirect open circuit calorimeter. The system allows the monitorization of Oxygen Consumption VO2, Carbon Dioxide Production VCO2, Respiratory Exchange Ratio R.E.R. and Calorimetry. It has been designed to monitor four metabolic chambers simultaneously.


Available in different configuration

Plethysmograph experimental model also available (picture right below)


The system includes:


- Air Supply Unit

- Metabolic Chamber Dessicator Columns

- O2 and CO2 analyser

- Recording and Analysing Unit



-          CO2 Sensor Range 0-10%

-          Drift 0,1% in 8 hours


-          O2 Sensor Range 0-100%

-          Drift 0,01% in 1 hours





More information at:






Metabolic Monitor for O2 and CO2 

The 50090 Metabolic Monitor measures oxygen consumption (VO2) and CO2 production (VCO2). The superior sensitivity of this apparatus makes it possible for the operator to see substantial changes in gas metabolism readings as a mouse moves about the cage, sleeps or is disturbed. This system is suitable for comparing the metabolic rates of various strains of mice, and to detect group or individual differences in the metabolic response to stressors.

Code 50090  O2 and CO2   Monitor


CO2 Monitor  

The CO2 content of exhaled air provides a measure of whether an animal on a respirator is getting adequate tidal volume and breath rate. The percentage of CO2 in air exhaled into a mask can also be monitored with freely breathing animals under anesthesia to detect if the level of anesthesia is dangerously deep. This CO2 monitor is designed for use in the research laboratory. It provides continuous accurate measurement of CO2 over the range of 0-10% CO2. The rapid response time and moderate sample flow requirements make this instrument suitable for use with any size animal, even the small rodents commonly used in

laboratory research. Halothane and Isoflurane do not affect the signal, making these instruments appropriate for use with any of the gas anesthesia instruments and/or any of the respirators in this catalog.    Code 50080  CO2 Monitor


2Biological Instruments

via   L. Da Vinci 2C    -     21023 Besozzo VA      Italy

tel. +39 0332  773210         Fax +39 0332 970141